Actual Dog Breeding Process

The dog breeding process isn’t complicated, if your female Golden is interested and wants to cooperate!

If she is not ready to be bred, she will let this be known. 
She may sit down, move away from, growl, snap, or lay on her back if she is not ready or interested in mating.  The ball is definitely in her court!

©Photo Courtesy of Paul Melvin

When your Golden Retriever is ready to mate, and the timing of her mating cycle is correct, she will noticeably let the male dog know that she is willing.

When she is interested, she will playfully chase after and play with the male, then she will back her hind end up to him and cock her tail over to the side, which is known as flagging.

Sometimes, if the stud does not try to mount her, she will actually mount him, showing him what it is that she wants!

Depending on the male’s experience, the dog breeding process can take quite awhile.  He may mount her and hump her several times while trying to figure out exactly where her vulva is.

©Photo Courtesy of "mister mark davis"

Always have plenty of water for them, for if they are inexperienced, they will take many breaks. 

Both of them will be quite thirsty from panting with excitement, and working so hard, especially the male.

The male will mount the female from behind and using his paws, grab her by her hip bones and pull her towards him.

When he does penetrate her, he will grab her tighter and start quickly thrusting. 

A dog’s penis has a bone in it. He also has what is called a bulbus glandis, which is an erectile tissue structure on either side of his penis, that swells with blood and enlarges when he is inside of the female.

This is what locks them together and is commonly called a tie. 

A breeding tie can last from 5 minutes to 30 minutes, and the pair will become untied when the male’s swelling goes down.

After your male has tied with your female, he will lift his leg, move it over her back, and turn around so that they are standing with their hind ends touching each other.

Sometimes during this process, a female will be in a tie and suddenly decide that she doesn’t want to be!

You need to be there to keep her calm and not allow her to try and run off, thereby dragging the stud with her, as obviously, he can’t just let loose.

©Photo Courtesy of Gill Fotheringham

If she is allowed to drag him, this can cause serious damage to either one of them. 

Never try to separate dogs that are tied, as you will not be stopping a pregnancy, you‘ll just be injuring the dogs. 

When they do separate, you need to check to make sure that the male’s penis goes back into his sheath.

As for the female, I never allow her to go outside to the bathroom for at least a half hour.  Usually she will lay down and lick herself, as will the male.

When breeding Golden Retrievers, if you own the pair, then allow the mating to go on daily for as long as she is receptive.

©Photo Courtesy of Brandon Harris
"Keenan and Delaney"

When she is no longer receptive and interested, she will aggressively make this known.

Just as it is with humans, the female determines how many pups there will be, and the male determines the sex of those puppies.

A tie is desirable for your dog’s mating, but sometimes instead of a tie, a slip mating can occur.

The important thing to remember when mating your Golden Retrievers is to leave them alone, but still be in the same room with them during the dog breeding process, so that neither one gets hurt.



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Golden Retriever wearing a cowboy hat

Golden Retriever puppies peeking out of a basket

senior Golden Retriever smiling