Knowing how to give dog shots is very helpful when you have a litter of puppies in the house.
Canine vaccines have to be kept refrigerated, so you will need a thermometer in your refrigerator to make sure they are kept at the right temperature.
Make sure you buy from a reputable source, and that your source keeps their vaccines refrigerated properly. If they are not, the shot will be ineffective and your dog will not be protected.
There are a few online pet supply companies that sell puppy shots and they will require that you either pay for overnight or 2 day air shipping to ensure that the shots stay cold.
They will also be shipped in ice packs as an extra measurement of safety.
If the company does not require you to pay for this quick shipping, do not use them!
I usually buy the Vangard Puppy 5 for my litters.
I always buy the 5 in 1 vaccines, as opposed to the 7 in 1, as I believe they are a bit safer on young puppies.
Depending on where you live, some local feed and grain mills also sell dog shots.
Dog vaccinations and puppy vaccinations are exactly the same.
It is the scheduling of when they are due that is different, not the amount or type of vaccine needed.
A puppy's vaccination schedule is different than an adult dog vaccination schedule, because of the puppy requiring more shots while he is very young, to ensure protection, but the amount and type of vaccines are still the same.
It is best to give the shot first, before any de-wormings that may be needed, as the pup will already be trying to get away from you because of the worming medicine!
I've found that puppies squirm less if they are put on a table to get their shot.
Since the table is new and strange to them, they don't try to run off and it is easier to give the shots that way.
An adult dog can just be standing or laying on the floor.
There will be 2 vials, one with a sterile water in it and the other with the powdered vaccine.
Using the syringe, draw the water out of the first vial and insert it into the powdered vial. Shake for a couple of seconds, then re-draw the mixed solution into the syringe.
Tap for any air bubbles, then push the syringe until there is no air left in it, only the vaccine which should be from the tip of the needle down to the amount of vaccine, which is usually 1 ML.
Shots are given just beneath the surface of the skin, this is called a subcutaneous injection.
Make sure that the needle goes into the skin, not just into the fur.
For puppies, you have a lot of loose skin to work with. Pick an area between the shoulder blades and lift up the loose skin and insert the needle.
Slightly draw back the needle to make sure no blood comes back into it. If it does, the needle is in a blood vessel and you'll need to remove the needle and re-insert into a different spot in the skin.
When giving dog shots to adult Golden Retrievers, it is best to pick an area near the actual shoulder blade, rather than between them, as this would be the least sensitive spot for them.
Once the needle is properly beneath the surface of the skin, simply push the syringe in until all of the vaccine is administered.
Afterward, I always rub down the area where the shots were given, for a couple of seconds.